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The Influence of Metal 3D Printing Process Chain on the Properties of TC4 Powder

The China Securities New Energy Vehicle index rose as much as 4.1 percent after a strong rally in lithium-ion shares on the Chinese stock market. Brokerages said lithium enterprises would usher in marginal expectations, and currently, it may be the best time to layout power/energy storage lithium batteries.

According to a securities research report, the price of lithium carbonate in the upstream resource end continues to hit a new high, which reflects the shortage of lithium mineral resources, and lithium has become one of the core elements of the development of the lithium electricity industry. In 2022, global demand for lithium carbonate continues to grow strongly, while the supply-side growth is relatively limited. And, because related mining enterprises experienced the last lithium down cycle, they would expand production capacity cautiously. Lithium and lithium carbonate prices are expected to remain high in 2022.

In addition to lithium and lithium carbonate, the prices of many energy and commodities like the Ti6Al4V powder are expected to rise.

In the powder bed laser melting technology, from the production, transportation, storage, printing and recycling of materials, the powder has been under a variety of mechanical and atmospheric environments throughout the process chain, the chemical composition and shape of the powder particles, and the entire process. The characteristics of powder materials may be affected by factors such as the atmosphere, temperature, humidity, and external forces. This article discusses the potentially important influencing factors of TC4 powder in the entire process. The research results can be used in other powder processing and management to ensure the quality of the material throughout the service life and make the SLM process more robust and reliable.

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In order to evaluate the characteristics and batch stability of the powder, the same specifications and two batches produced by TC4-Ti6Al4V(level 5) three different processes (gas atomization EIGA, plasma atomization PA, inductively coupled plasma atomization ICPA) were studied. For powders, the particle size distribution, particle morphology and fluidity of these powders were measured.

The results show that the sizes of the three powder particles are between 15-65 microns, with a Gaussian distribution, but the PA and ICPA powders show a wider particle size distribution compared with the EIGA powder. The flow time measured by the Hall flowmeter is in the range of 14.6s-16.1s, indicating that all powders and batches have good flowability. Electron microscopy results show that the three powders have high spherical shapes, but the EIGA powder particles are slightly elongated, while the ICPA powder contains a lot of satellite powder.


In order to study whether argon protection is required during powder storage, two powder containers were stored under the same conditions of 30°C and 30% relative humidity. One container has been stored intact, and the protective atmosphere of the other container is destroyed by one opening process. After a storage period of ten days, samples for mechanical testing and elemental measurement were prepared.


The results of the tensile test show that the ultimate tensile strength of the sample is basically the same in a protective atmosphere and an unprotected atmosphere; the powder stored in a humid environment has the highest ultimate strength, which is slightly higher than that of the dry powder printed sample 5%, and the elongation rate dropped severely. Gas content measurement confirmed that in a humid environment, the oxygen content of the sample is about 10% higher than that in a dry environment, which leads to material embrittlement.


About KMPASS:

KMPASS is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12 years experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials. The company export to many countries, such as USA, Canada, Europe, UAE, South Africa, Tanzania, Kenya,Egypt,Nigeria,Cameroon,Uganda,Turkey,Mexico,Azerbaijan,Belgium,Cyprus,Czech Republic,Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Dubai, Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia,Germany, France, Italy, Portugal etc. As a leading nanotechnology development manufacturer, KMPASS dominates the market. Our professional work team provides perfect solutions to help improve the efficiency of various industries, create value, and easily cope with various challenges. If you are looking for Ti6Al4V Powder, please send an email to: sales2@nanotrun.com


Since February, gold has enjoyed a smooth upward run on the back of surging US inflation and the brewing of war. While expectations of rate rises have also risen in tandem over this period, gold had been largely pre-priced and the underlying driver of tightening expectations had come from inflation continuing to rise to record highs. The risk aversion caused by the continued tension in the war also provided an important short-term support for gold. This will have a certain impact on the price of the Ti6Al4V powder and the market of the Ti6Al4V powder. 

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