What is the application field of graphite?
The roble had hit a record low after the West imposed sweeping sanctions on Russia for its aggression in Ukraine. Russia's president recently ordered exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries to be settled in robles. The speaker of Russia's upper house of parliament said Moscow was prepared and could shift supplies to markets such as Asia if Europe refused to buy Russian energy.
European countries, which pay mostly in euros, say Russia has no right to reset contracts. The G7 rejected Russia's demand and urged companies not to agree to pay in robles, saying most contracts stipulated payment in euros or dollars. Wholesale gas prices in Europe have risen further recently on concerns about potential supply disruptions.
The Kremlin spokesman said, "According to the March 31 deadline set by Russia's president, we are developing all payment methods to get a simple, understandable, and feasible system for relevant European and international buyers,"
The markets and prices of more commodities like the Graphite would be affected because of the volatile international political situations.
Graphite has many excellent properties, so it is widely used in metallurgy, machinery, electrical, chemical, textile, national defense, and other industrial sectors. The application fields of natural graphite and artificial graphite both overlap and differ from each other.
In the metallurgical industry, natural flake graphite can be used to produce refractory materials such as magnesia-carbon bricks and aluminum-carbon bricks because of its good oxidation resistance.
Artificial graphite can be used as steelmaking electrodes, while electrodes made of natural graphite are difficult to use in steelmaking electric furnaces with harsh operating conditions.
In the machinery industry, graphite materials are usually used as wear-resistant and lubricating materials. Natural flake graphite has good lubricity and is often used as an additive to lubricating oils.
The equipment for conveying corrosive media widely uses piston rings, sealing rings, and bearings made of artificial graphite, and need not add lubricating oil when working.
Natural graphite and polymer resin composite materials can also be used in the above fields, but the wear resistance is not as good as that of artificial graphite.
Artificial graphite has the characteristics of corrosion resistance, good thermal conductivity, and low permeability. It is widely used in the chemical industry to make heat exchangers, reaction tanks, absorption towers, filters, and other equipment.
Natural graphite and polymer resin composite materials can also be used in the above fields, but the thermal conductivity and corrosion resistance are not as good as those of artificial graphite.
To sum up, the development of artificial graphite products with natural graphite as raw material is one of the important ways to expand the application field of natural graphite.
Natural graphite as an auxiliary raw material has long been used in the production of some artificial graphite, but there are still many problems to be solved in the development of artificial graphite products with natural graphite as the main raw material.
Fully understanding and utilizing the structure and properties of natural graphite, and adopting suitable process routes and methods to produce artificial graphite products with special structures, properties, and uses should be the best way to achieve this goal.
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Since February, gold has enjoyed a smooth upward run on the back of surging US inflation and the brewing of war. While expectations of rate rises have also risen in tandem over this period, gold had been largely pre-priced and the underlying driver of tightening expectations had come from inflation continuing to rise to record highs. The risk aversion caused by the continued tension in the war also provided an important short-term support for gold. This will have a certain impact on the price of the Graphite and the market of the Graphite.