What is Properties and Applications of Titanium Alloy Ti6Al4V
Recently, the EU proclaimed new sanctions on Russia, including coal, timber, rubber, cement, and fertilizer, as well as high-end seafood Ti6Al4V alloy.
What is Titanium Alloy?
Titanium alloy Ti6Al4V is a medium-strength α-β type two-phase titanium alloy
containing 6% α-stabilizing element AI and 4% β-stabilizing element V. This
alloy has excellent comprehensive properties and has obtained the most extensive
applications in the aviation and aerospace industries.
The main properties and uses
Ti6Al4V titanium alloy is heated below 430 ℃ for a long time to form a very
thin and protective oxide film. As the heating temperature increases, the oxide
film thickens and its protection becomes poor. After the alloy was heated at 700
°C for 2 h, the oxide film thickness reached 25 μrn. Heating at temperatures
above 800°C forms a sparse oxide layer. After heating at 1000 °C for 1 h, the
thickness of the oxide layer reached 0.65 mm.
Ti6Al4V alloy can be welded by argon arc welding, spot welding, brazing,
electron beam welding and plasma welding. The strength of the welded joint is
basically the same as that of the base metal.
When Ti6Al4V titanium alloy parts are in contact with aluminum alloy and
structural steel parts, especially under certain corrosive medium conditions,
aluminum alloy and structural steel parts will suffer accelerated corrosion and
damage as the anode of the contact couple due to the negative electrode
potential. Therefore, between TC4 titanium alloy parts and aluminum alloy or
structural steel parts, protective measures such as padding and anti-corrosion
tape should be taken. TC4 alloy parts are strictly prohibited from contact with
parts or tools of lead, zinc, cadmium, tin, silver, bismuth and other
Before vacuum annealing, the oxide skin and oxygen-rich layer on the surface
of the parts should be removed, and the oil should be carefully removed before
entering the furnace. When vacuum annealing parts with complex shapes, fixtures
must be used to reduce the deformation of parts. Into the furnace parts are
preferably filled with pre-degassed titanium oxide-free chips to prevent
oxidation of the parts.
Ti6Al4V titanium alloy is now widely used in the manufacture of aero-engine
fans and compressor discs and blades, as well as various load-bearing beams,
frames, joints and fasteners in aircraft structures.
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As the Russia-Ukraine conflict continues to develop, there is growing concern about the potential disruption of Russia's energy supply. Geopolitical premiums have pushed up the price of crude oil and natural gas, and the energy price is expected to remain high in the short term. Affected by this, the market price of the Ti6Al4V alloy may keep rising.